Seven major environmental challenges for the next century are human population growth, providing food and fiber, providing and conservatively using basic materials, the transition to renewable energy systems, pollution prevention and cleanup, biodiversity, and climate change. Not only are these challenges faced by all residents of the planet, but they are also of particular importance to Florida's citizens. Florida's population of 16 million is anticipated to increase to about 24 million in 2030, equivalent to one new Tampa each year in Florida. People create or influence the seven environmental challenges, and it is people that will need to solve the problems they create. With so many people so close to so many fragile resources, Florida must lead the way in showing how to create a sustainable economy, environment, and society.